The aim of this study was to study the feasibility of an SUV-based 177Lu-DOTATATE SPECT/CT quantification and to assess the correlation of different parameters with the corresponding measured on 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT in patients with well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (WD-GEP-NET) treated with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy.
Patients and Methods
Patients with WD-GEP-NET who benefited from a pretherapeutic 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT and a 177Lu-DOTATATE SPECT/CT after the cycle 1 of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy were prospectively included. SPECT/CT acquisitions were performed on a system calibrated with a conversion factor of 9.48 counts/MBq per second and were reconstructed with an iterative algorithm allowing quantification using the SPECTRA Quant software (MIM Software, Cleveland, OH). For each patient, different SUV parameters were recorded on both PET/CT (Ga parameters) and SPECT/CT (Lu parameters) for comparison: physiological uptakes (liver/spleen), tumor uptake (1–10/patient; SUVmax, SUVmean, SUVpeak, MTV), tumor-to-liver and tumor-to-spleen ratios according to liver/spleen SUVmax and SUVmean (TLRmax, TLRmean, TSRmax, and TSRmean, respectively).
Ten patients (8 female; 2 male) aged from 50 to 83 years presenting with a metastatic progressive WD-GEP-NET (7 small intestine, 2 pancreas, 1 rectum) were included. Median values of lesional Lu-SUV were significantly lower than the corresponding Ga-SUV (P < 0.001), whereas median values of lesional Lu-MTV, Lu-TLR, and Lu-TSR were significantly higher than the corresponding Ga-MTV, Ga-TLR, and Ga-TSR (P < 0.02). Pearson correlation coefficients were strong for both SUV and MTV parameters (0.779–0.845), weak for TLR parameters (0.365–0.394), and moderate-to-strong for TSR parameters (0.676–0.750).
Our results suggest the feasibility of 177Lu-DOTATATE SPECT/CT quantification in clinical practice and show a strong correlation of several SUV-based parameters with the corresponding in 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT.