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A Case of Intramuscular Cryptococcosis Mimicking a Malignant Tumor on FDG PET/CT

Wang, Ling, MD*; Zheng, Xiangwu, MD; Lin, Jie, MD; Tang, Kun, MD

doi: 10.1097/RLU.0000000000002488
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Intramuscular cryptococcosis is extremely rare. In this case, a 76-year-old man with history of acute myeloid leukemia presented a painful mass in the right upper arm. FDG PET/CT demonstrated a low-density irregular-shaped mass in the triceps muscle of the right upper arm with adjacent bone erosion. The lesion presented with significantly increased activity with an SUVmax of 23.4, which could be misdiagnosed as a malignant tumor. The lesion was confirmed as cryptococcosis by periodic acid–Schiff stain and culture of biopsied specimen. Because cryptococcal infection is treatable, it is important to increase awareness of this hypermetabolic benign lesion in the unusual location.

From the Departments of *Nuclear Medicine and

PET/CT, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China.

Received for publication November 26, 2018; revision accepted December 20, 2018.

Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared.

Correspondence to: Kun Tang, MD, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Xuefu North Road, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325000, People’s Republic of China. E-mail:

Online date: February 12, 2019

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