Atlas ArticleFDG PET/CT in Evaluation of Pyrexia of Unknown OriginSolav, Shrikant Vasantrao, MD, DRMAuthor Information From the SPECT LAB: Nuclear Medicine Services, Pune, India. Received for publication November 24, 2010; revision accepted March 6, 2011. Reprints: Shrikant Vasantrao Solav, MD, DRM, SPECT LAB: Nuclear Medicine Services, K 2/1 Erandawana Cooperative Society, Kothrud, Pune 411004, India. E-mail: email@example.com. Clinical Nuclear Medicine: August 2011 - Volume 36 - Issue 8 - p e81-e86 doi: 10.1097/RLU.0b013e31821c99b2 Buy Metrics Abstract Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) is defined as fever above 38.5°C lasting for 3 weeks, of which at least 1 week has been spent in thorough investigation without a conclusive cause. Tuberculosis remains an important cause of PUO, particularly with the rising incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection. It may strike virtually any organ in the body and can even mimic metastases especially in a known treated case of carcinoma. Bacterial infections, human immunodeficiency virus, hidden malignancy, sarcoidosis, and autoimmune disorders are some other important causes of PUO. Initial investigations include examination of blood, urine, stool, blood biochemistry, culture, etc. Typical radiologic investigations include chest radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Presented here is an atlas of cases where these investigations had been inconclusive but fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography demonstrated the site of pathology and directed histologic diagnosis. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.