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The Role of Bone SPECT/CT in the Evaluation of Lumbar Spinal Fusion With Metallic Fixation Devices

Damgaard, Morten, MD, PhD*; Nimb, Lars, MD; Madsen, Jan L., MD, DMSc*

doi: 10.1097/RLU.0b013e3181d18cdd
Original Article
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Purpose: It is difficult to evaluate the stability of the lumbar spondylodesis with metallic fixation devices by conventional imaging methods such as radiography or magnetic resonance imaging. It is unknown whether single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) may be useful to detect a lack of fixation of the pedicle screws and hence to predict instability of the fused vertebral segments.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 9 patients who were referred to bone scintigraphy, including combined SPECT/CT, due to persistent pain or discomfort after stabilizing lumbar surgery with metallic implants. The SPECT/CT findings were compared with observations from subsequent surgical reexploration.

Results: In 6 of 9 patients, the SPECT/CT fully or partially detected the vertebral level of loose pedicle screws. Of 9 cases, 2 were considered inconclusive, whereas in 1 case loose pedicle screws were detected at a wrong vertebral level.

Conclusion: SPECT/CT may be useful to detect a lack of fixation of the metallic implants, and hence instability of the spondylodesis by evaluating the focal bone mineralization activity in relation to the pedicle screws.

From the Departments of *Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine and †Orthopaedic Surgery, Hvidovre Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Received for publication June 4, 2009; revision accepted December 1, 2009.

Reprints: Morten Damgaard, MD, PhD, Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Hvidovre Hospital, Kettegaard Allé 30, DK-2650, Denmark. E-mail: mdamgaard@dadlnet.dk.

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