Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp is a rare highly aggressive malignant tumor that typically afflicts elderly patients and commonly presents with extensive local spread and distant metastasis. Distant metastases favor lung, liver, lymph nodes, and skin. Overall, the prognosis is poor. It differs from other soft tissue sarcomas in that the size of the lesion at presentation instead of tumor grade is the important prognostic factor. Optimal treatment is yet to be determined. Wide-margin complete excision with postoperative radiotherapy has been the most effective therapy. Chemotherapy and gene therapy have been used with some success. Local extent is critical in surgical planning, especially in the head and face, and is difficult to determine accurately with clinical examination and morphologic imaging tools. We report the case of a 70-year-old man diagnosed with multifocal angiosarcoma of the scalp. PET/CT imaging with F-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) not only showed avid FDG uptake by an angiosarcoma (SUVmax = 10.7), but also simultaneously showed local extension of multifocal lesions with periosteal involvement and excluded metastatic abdominal nodal disease. PET/CT imaging after chemotherapy and before radiation therapy showed complete resolution of FDG uptake in the scalp and osseous lesions. Evaluation of more cases of this subset of soft tissue sarcoma with FDG PET/CT may suggest a possible role in not only staging angiosarcomas to determine the extent of local as well as distant disease, but also to potentially help determine response to therapy and early recognition of local or distant recurrence.
From the *Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS), Stanford University Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, California; and †Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California.
Received for publication October 7, 2005; revision accepted February 1, 2006.
The work was performed at Stanford University Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, California.
Reprints: Sanjiv S. Gambhir, MD, PhD, Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Bio-X Program, The James H. Clark Center, 318 Campus Drive, Clark E150 Stanford, CA 94305-5427. E-mail: email@example.com.