One concern is how to effectively use the rest interval between both the complex pairs and exercise sets (intracomplex recovery: ∼3–4 minutes; intercomplex recovery: ∼5 minutes). A possible solution is to cater mobility and/or stability drills for the unaffected limbs (i.e., upper body/core corrective exercises for lower body complex exercise sets), with the aim of addressing dysfunctional movement patterns that can cause a decrease in performance and an increase in injuries (2).
Basic movement pattern limitation, due to asymmetrical function of joint mobility and stability, is thought to reduce the effects and benefits of functional training and physical conditioning. If the asymmetrical dysfunction is unattended to, compensatory movement patterns develop during training and the individual creates a dysfunctional movement pattern that is used subconsciously whenever executing an exercise movement (2). This may lead to greater mobility and stability imbalances and deficiencies, which increase the potential for injury (12).
These corrective exercises are implemented during the rest periods (intracomplex recovery) between the conditioning stimulus and ballistic exercise. This may effectively address other injury management concerns of the athletes during training. This prehabilitation training approach can be supplemented into a complex training protocol without unnecessarily extending the total training time. All these are factored into program design to cater to an effective, yet practical training program (see Table 2 for sample program templates tailored for both a highly and moderatelytrained athlete).
Guidelines for using PAP within a training program.
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