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Core Muscle Activity Assessed by Electromyography During Exercises for Chronic Low Back Pain

A Systematic Review

Escriche-Escuder, Adrian MSc1,2; Calatayud, Joaquin PhD1,3; Aiguadé, Ramón PhD4; Andersen, Lars L. PhD3,5; Ezzatvar, Yasmin MSc1; Casaña, José PhD1

Strength & Conditioning Journal: August 2019 - Volume 41 - Issue 4 - p 55–69
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000456
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ABSTRACT LOW BACK PAIN (LBP) IS ONE OF THE MOST FREQUENT HEALTH PROBLEMS WORLDWIDE AFFECTING BOTH WORK AND PERSONAL LIFE. ALTHOUGH PHYSICAL EXERCISE FOCUSING ON THE CORE MUSCLES IS COMMONLY USED AS PART OF TREATMENT, THERE IS NO SYSTEMATIC OVERVIEW OF EXERCISE SPECIFICITY AND INTENSITY AMONG PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC LBP (CLBP). THIS ARTICLE AIMS TO SYSTEMATICALLY REVIEW THE LITERATURE ON CORE MUSCLE ACTIVITY ASSESSED BY ELECTROMYOGRAPHY DURING EXERCISES IN ADULTS WITH NONSPECIFIC CLBP. THIS SYSTEMATIC REVIEW SERVES AS A REFERENCE GUIDE IN THE SELECTION OF CORE MUSCLE EXERCISES FOR NONSPECIFIC CLBP.

1Department of Physiotherapy, Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group (EXINH-RG), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain;

2Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain;

3National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark;

4Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain; and

5Sport Sciences, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark

Address correspondence to Dr. Joaquin Calatayud, joaquin.calatayud@uv.es.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Adrian Escriche-Escuderis a faculty member at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga (Spain) and a member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG) at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia.

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Joaquin Calatayudis a faculty member and member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG) at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia.

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Ramón Aiguadéis a member of the Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida.

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Lars L. Andersenis a professor of Musculoskeletal Disorders at National Research Centre for the Working Environment in Copenhagen and an adjunct professor at Aalborg University.

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Yasmin Ezzatvaris a faculty member and member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG) at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia.

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José Casañais a faculty member and the director of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG) at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia.

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association