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Sled pushing and pulling to enhance speed capability

Cahill, Micheál1,2; Cronin, John B.2,3; Oliver, Jon L.2,4; Clark, Kenneth5; Cross, Matt R.2,6; Lloyd, Rhodri S.2,4,7

doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000460
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Resisted sprinting in the form of both sled pushing and pulling is a popular training method to improve speed capability, although research has been biased towards investigating the effects of sled pulling. Practitioners need to understand whether the sled push and pull offer differential training effects, and hence their utility in influencing sprint kinematics and kinetics for targeted adaptation. Furthermore, there are a number of recent developments in loading and assessment that warrant discussion, given the impact of these techniques on understanding the load-velocity relationship and optimizing horizontal power output. Finally, some thoughts regarding load prescription are shared with the reader.

1 Athlete Training and Health, Plano, Texas, USA.

2 Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

3 School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

4 Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales

5 West Chester University, West Chester PA, USA

6 Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Biologie de la Motricité, University Savoie Mont Blanc, Chambéry, France

7 WINTEC

Corresponding author: Micheál Cahill Athlete Training and Health, 6010 W Spring Creek Pkwy, Plano, TX 75024.mcahill@athleteth.com

No funding was received for this work.

Micheál Cahill is a doctoral candidate at Auckland University of Technology and Vice President of Performance and Sports Science at Athlete Training and Health.

John Cronin is a Professor in Strength and Conditioning at AUT University, Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand.

Jon L. Oliver is a Reader in Applied Paediatric Exercise Science and Co-Founder and Research Lead of the Youth Physical Development Centre at Cardiff Metropolitan University

Dr. Ken Clark is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Kinesiology at West Chester University of PA, where he teaches classes in Biomechanics and Motor Learning.

Matt R. Cross is a doctoral candidate at the Université Savoie Mont Blanc with the Fédération Française de Ski, and a research associate at the Auckland University of Technology.

Rhodri S. Lloyd is a Reader in Paediatric Strength and Conditioning and Chair and Co-Founder of the Youth Physical Development Centre at Cardiff Metropolitan University

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association