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Current approaches on warming-up for sports performance

a critical review

Gil, Ma Helena1,2; Neiva, Henrique P.1,2; Sousa, António C.1,2; Marques, Mário C.1,2; Marinho, Daniel A.1,2

doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000454
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Warm-up procedures have become relevant for coaches, researchers and sports professionals in recent years. Several studies have been conducted to verify the effects of different pre-activities, regarding differing volume, intensity, rest, and specificity, and the warm-up is now widely accepted as essential practice to improve performance. Research is now focusing on the effects of static and dynamic stretches, the post-activation potentiation phenomenon and the optimization of waiting periods with passive warm-up approaches. In this brief review we critically analyze the emerging methods and strategies of warm-up that have been investigated and used before competitive events.

1Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal

2Research Center in Sports, Health and Human Development, CIDESD, Covilhã, Portugal.

Corresponding Author and address: Mario C. Marques, PhD Department of Sports Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal Convento de Santo António, 6201 – 001, Covilhã Tel 00351275329153

Ma Helena Gil is a doctoral student in the in Department of Sport Sciences at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

Henrique P. Neiva is a Professor in the Department of Sport Sciences at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

António C. Sousa is a doctoral student in the in Department of Sport Sciences at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

Mário C. Marques is a Professor in the Department of Sport Sciences at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

Daniel A. Marinho is a Professor in the Department of Sport Sciences at the University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association