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Core muscle activity assessed by electromyography during exercises for chronic low back pain

a systematic review.

Escriche-Escuder, Adrian, MSca,b; Calatayud, Joaquin, PhDa,c; Aiguadé, Ramón, PhDd; Andersen, Louis L, PhDc,e; Ezzatvar, Yasmin, MSca; Casaña, José, PhDa

doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000456
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Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most frequent health problems worldwide affecting both work and personal life. While physical exercise focusing on the core muscles is commonly used as part of treatment, there is no systematic overview of exercise specificity and intensity among people with chronic LBP (CLBP). This manuscript aims to systematically review the literature on core muscle activity assessed by electromyography (EMG) during exercises in adults with non-specific CLBP. This systematic review serves as a reference guide in the selection of core muscle exercises for non-specific CLBP.

aExercise Intervention for Health Research Group (EXINH-RG), Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, Spain;

bDepartment of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga, Spain;

cNational Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark;

dDepartment of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida, Spain;.

eSport Sciences, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Corresponding author: Joaquin Calatayud, PhD. Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia. C/ Gasco Oliag 5, PC: 46010, Valencia, Spain. Phone Number: +34 625577509 Email:joaquin.calatayud@uv.es

Adrian Escriche-Escuder, adrianescriche@gmail.com Is a faculty member at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Malaga (Spain) and a member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG), at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia (Spain).

Joaquin Calatayud, joaquin.calatayud@uv.es(corresponding author) Is a faculty member and member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG), at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia (Spain).

Ramón Aiguadé,raiguade@aiguade.com Is a member of the Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida, Spain.

Lars Louis Andersen, lla@arbejdsmiljoforskning.dk Is a Professor of Musculoskeletal Disorders at National Research Centre for the Working Environment in Copenhagen (Denmark) & Adjunct Professor at Aalborg University (Denmark).

Yasmin Ezzatvar, yasmin.ezzatvar@gmail.com Is a faculty member and member of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG), at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia (Spain).

José Casaña, jose.casana@uv.es Is a faculty member and the director of the “Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group” (EXINH-RG), at the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia (Spain).

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association