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A Swim-Specific Shoulder Strength and Conditioning Program for Front Crawl Swimmers

Bradley, John PhD1; Kerr, Stewart MSc2; Bowmaker, David MSc, MPhty2; Gomez, Jean-Francois PhD3

Strength & Conditioning Journal: August 2019 - Volume 41 - Issue 4 - p 1–17
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000457
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ABSTRACT ALTHOUGH SWIMMING IS A WHOLE-BODY ACTIVITY, SHOULDER PROBLEMS CAN BE QUITE COMMON IN COMPETITIVE SWIMMERS. THE PROPULSION FOR SWIMMING COMES LARGELY FROM THE UPPER BODY BUT THE LOWER BODY AND TRUNK PLAY AN IMPORTANT SUPPORTING ROLE. THE SWIMMING SHOULDER KINETIC CHAIN (SSKC) DESCRIBES THE GENERATION OF SWIMMING PROPULSION USING THE WHOLE BODY. EFFECTIVE SWIMMERS WILL USE THE SSKC IN THEIR STROKE, SO EFFECTIVE STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS SHOULD ALSO INCLUDE THE SSKC. A SERIES OF SWIM-SPECIFIC EXERCISES USING THE SSKC ARE PRESENTED THAT FOCUS ON THE SHOULDER BUT CAN FORM THE BASIS OF A WHOLE-BODY SWIMMING STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAM.

1Independent Researcher, Cheshire, United Kingdom;

2LifeFit Physiotherapy, Falkirk, Scotland, United Kingdom; and

3Mardyke Arena (UCC), Mardyke Walk, Cork, Republic of Ireland

Address correspondence to Dr. John Bradley, john@johnbradley.email.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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John Bradleyis an exercise physiologist and independent researcher based in Cheshire, United Kingdom.

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Stewart Kerris a clinical specialist chartered physiotherapist and Clinic Director with LifeFit Physiotherapy.

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David Bowmakeris a clinical specialist chartered physiotherapist and Managing Director of LifeFit Physiotherapy.

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Jean-Francois Gomezis the sport and athlete performance manager at the Mardyke Arena, University College Cork.

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association