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Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effect of Contrast Training on Vertical Jump Performance

Pagaduan, Jeffrey PhD(Cand), CSCS1; J. Schoenfeld, Brad PhD, CSCS-D, CSPS-D, NSCA-CPT-D, FNSCA2; Pojskić, Haris PhD3,4

Strength & Conditioning Journal: June 2019 - Volume 41 - Issue 3 - p 63–78
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000442
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ABSTRACT THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE WAS TO PERFORM A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS ON THE EFFECT OF CONTRAST TRAINING (CT) ON VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE. THIRTEEN OF 83 STUDIES WERE INCLUDED FOR SYSTEMATIC REVIEW, WHEREAS 10 STUDIES WERE USED FOR META-ANALYSIS. META-ANALYSIS REVEALED GREATER COUNTERMOVEMENT JUMP (CMJ) GAINS IN CT THAN IN RESISTANCE TRAINING (RT) (EFFECT SIZE [ES] = 1.30; CONFIDENCE INTERVAL [CI] = 0.31–2.30). SIMILARLY, CT DISPLAYED HIGHER CMJ THAN CONTROL (ES = 1.46; CI = 0.46–2.46). IN CONCLUSION, CT SHOWED GREATER IMPROVEMENT IN CMJ COMPARED WITH RT AND CON. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE VIDEO, SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1, HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A247.

1College of Health and Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania - Newnham, Tasmania, Australia;

2Department of Health Sciences, CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, New York;

3Department of Sports Science, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; and

4The Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden

Address correspondence to Mr. Jeffrey Pagaduan, jcpagaduan@gmail.com.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://journals.lww.com/nsca-scj).

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Jeffrey Pagaduanis a PhD student at the College of Health and Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania - Newnham, Australia.

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Brad Schoenfeldis an Assistant Professor in Exercise Science and the Director of the Human Performance Laboratory at CUNY Lehman College.

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Haris Pojskićisan Assistant Professor in Sports Science at Linnaeus University, Sweden, and a researcher at The Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre.

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association