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Development of Muscle Mass

How Much Is Optimum for Performance?

Young, Warren PhD; Talpey, Scott PhD; Bartlett, Rogan BESS; Lewis, Mitchell BESS; Mundy, Stephanie BESS; Smyth, Andrew BESS; Welsh, Tim BESS

Strength & Conditioning Journal: June 2019 - Volume 41 - Issue 3 - p 47–50
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000443
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ABSTRACT TRAINING FOR MUSCLE HYPERTROPHY CAN BE EXPECTED TO INDUCE SOME INCREASE IN TOTAL BODY MASS, AND THIS CAN HAVE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE. POSITIVE EFFECTS MAY BE INCREASED STRENGTH, INCREASED RESISTANCE TO BEING PUSHED ASIDE, AND GREATER MOMENTUM WHEN RUNNING, WHEREAS POSSIBLE NEGATIVE EFFECTS MAY BE REDUCED CAPACITY TO ACCELERATE, DECELERATE, CHANGE DIRECTION, AND JUMP. THESE POSSIBLE EFFECTS OF GAINING MUSCLE AND TOTAL BODY MASS SUGGEST THAT STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING COACHES SHOULD GIVE THOUGHTFUL CONSIDERATION TO THE AMOUNT OF HYPERTROPHY TRAINING PRESCRIBED THROUGHOUT AN ATHLETE'S DEVELOPMENT AND SHOULD BE DETERMINED BY THE SPECIFIC NEEDS OF THE ATHLETE.

School of Health and Life Sciences, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Australia

Address correspondence to Dr. Warren Young, w.young@federation.edu.au.

Conflicts of interest and source of funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Warren Youngis an associate professor and program coordinator of the Master of Strength and Conditioning at Federation University Australia.

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Scott Talpeyis a senior lecturer in Strength and Conditioning at Federation University Australia.

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Rogan Bartlettis the assistant strength and conditioning coach with Ballarat basketball and a postgraduate student at Federation University Australia.

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Mitchell Lewisis a strength and conditioning coach at Sebastopol Vikings soccer club, and postgraduate student at Federation University Australia.

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Stephanie Mundyis a strength and conditioning coach at Maribyrnong Sports Academy, and postgraduate student at Federation University Australia.

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Andrew Smythis a strength and conditioning coach at the WestVic Academy of Sport, Ballarat, and a postgraduate student at Federation University Australia.

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Tim Welshis a physical performance manager with Ballarat City football club (National Premier League) and a postgraduate student at Federation University Australia.

© 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association