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Technical Skill Training Framework and Skill Load Measurements for the Rugby Union Tackle

Hendricks, Sharief, PhD1,2; Till, Kevin, PhD2,3,14; Oliver, Jon L., PhD4,5; Johnston, Rich D., PhD6,7; Attwood, Matthew, PhD4,8; Brown, James, PhD1,9,10; Drake, David, MSc11; MacLeod, Simon, MSc12; Mellalieu, Stephen D., PhD4; Treu, Paul, MSc; Jones, Ben, PhD2,3,13,14

Strength & Conditioning Journal: October 2018 - Volume 40 - Issue 5 - p 44–59
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000400
Article

ABSTRACT DRAWING FROM SKILL ACQUISITION AND DEVELOPMENT LITERATURE, WE PRESENT A NOVEL TACKLE SKILL TRAINING FRAMEWORK. THE FRAMEWORK OUTLINES THE TRAINING PURPOSE (TECHNIQUE PROFICIENCY, TECHNIQUE CAPACITY, SKILL PROFICIENCY, AND SKILL CAPACITY), SKILL WORKLOAD MEASUREMENTS (AVAILABLE INFORMATION, TASK DIFFICULTY, RATING OF PERCEIVED CHALLENGE, AND SKILL LOAD), AS WELL AS THE TRAINING CONDITIONS AND COACHING STYLE FOR THE TACKLE IN RUGBY UNION. USING THIS FRAMEWORK AND SKILL LOAD MEASUREMENTS, WE PROPOSE A PRESEASON TACKLE TRAINING PLAN. THIS TACKLE SKILL FRAMEWORK AND SKILL LOAD MEASUREMENTS SERVE AS POTENTIAL PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR TACKLE INJURY RISK WHILE IMPROVING PLAYERS' TACKLE PERFORMANCE. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 (SEE VIDEO, HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A243).

1Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa;

2Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom;

3Yorkshire Carnegie Rugby Union Football Club, Leeds, United Kingdom;

4Cardiff School of Sport and Heath Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom;

5Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand;

6School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia;

7Norths Devils Rugby Football League, Queensland, Australia;

8Cardiff Metropolitan University, Rugby Union Football Club, Cardiff, United Kingdom;

9Institute for Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa;

10The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Research Center, Cape Town, South Africa;

11Ulster Rugby, Kingspan Stadium, Belfast, Northern Ireland;

12Western Province Rugby and Stormers, Cape Town, South Africa;

13The Rugby Football League, Leeds, United Kingdom; and

14Leeds Rhinos Rugby League Club, Leeds, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Dr. Sharief Hendricks, sharief.hendricks01@gmail.com.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://journals.lww.com/nsca-scj).

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Sharief Hendricks is a Senior Researcher at the University of Cape Town and a National Research Foundation Rated Scientist.

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Kevin Till is a Reader in Athlete Development within the Sports Coaching group at Leeds Beckett University.

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Jon L. Oliver is a Reader in Applied Paediatric Exercise Science within the Cardiff School of Sport & Health Sciences at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Rich D. Johnston is a Lecturer and Course Coordinator Master of High Performance Sport within the School of Exercise Science at Australian Catholic University.

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Matthew Attwood is a Lecturer within the Cardiff School of Sport & Health Sciences at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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James Brown is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University.

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David Drake is the Lead Strength and Conditioning Coach at the Ulster Rugby Academy, Irish Rugby Football Union.

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Simon MacLeod works as Sport Science & Data Analyst at Ulster Rugby.

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Stephen D. Mellalieu is a Professor in Applied Sport Psychology in the Cardiff School of Sport at Cardiff Metropolitan University, United Kingdom, where he is Associate Dean for Research.

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Paul Treu is a Senior Coach at Western Province Rugby and Stormers.

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Ben Jones is a Professor of Sports Physiology and Performance at Leeds Beckett University, United Kingdom.

© 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association