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Mechanical Limitations to Sprinting and Biomechanical Solutions: A Constraints-Led Framework for the Incorporation of Resistance Training to Develop Sprinting Speed

Moir, Gavin, L., PhD1; Brimmer, Scott, M., MS1; Snyder, Brandon, W., MS1; Connaboy, Chris, PhD2; Lamont, Hugh, S., PhD3

Strength and Conditioning Journal: February 2018 - Volume 40 - Issue 1 - p 47–67
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000358
Article

ABSTRACT DESPITE STRONG THEORETICAL EVIDENCE, THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RESISTANCE TRAINING METHODS ON SPRINTING PERFORMANCE IS NOT ALWAYS DEMONSTRATED EXPERIMENTALLY. ACCELERATIVE SPRINTING IS LIMITED BY THE REQUIREMENT OF A FORWARD-DIRECTED GROUND REACTION FORCE DURING PROGRESSIVELY SHORTER STANCE PHASES THAT ACCOMPANY HIGHER SPRINTING SPEEDS, WHEREAS MAXIMAL SPEED SPRINTING IS LIMITED BY THE APPLICATION OF SUFFICIENT VERTICAL IMPULSE DURING STANCE, CONSTRAINING MINIMAL STANCE DURATIONS. CONSIDERING THE MECHANICAL LIMITATIONS AND THE BIOMECHANICAL SOLUTIONS USED BY THE FASTEST SPRINTERS FROM A CONSTRAINTS-LED PERSPECTIVE PROVIDES A FRAMEWORK FROM WHICH PRACTITIONERS CAN EXPLORE THE INCORPORATION OF RESISTANCE AND SPRINT TRAINING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LONG-TERM TRAINING PROGRAMS.

1Exercise Science Department, East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania;

2Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and

3Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport Studies, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, South Carolina

Address correspondence to Dr. Gavin L. Moir, gmoir@esu.edu.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Gavin L. Moir is a professor in the Exercise Science Department at East Stroudsburg University.

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Scott M. Brimmer is currently working in the private sector as a strength and conditioning coach in the Stroudsburg area.

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Brandon W. Snyder is an adjunct professor in the Exercise Science Department at East Stroudsburg University.

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Chris Connaboy is an assistant professor in the Department of Sport Medicine and Nutrition at the University of Pittsburgh, working within the Neuromuscular Research Laboratory and Warrior Human Performance Research Center.

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Hugh S. Lamont is an assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport Studies at Coastal Carolina University.

© 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association