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Integrative Neuromuscular Training in Youth Athletes. Part II

Strategies to Prevent Injuries and Improve Performance

Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Azahara PhD; Romero-Rodriguez, Daniel PhD; Lloyd, Rhodri S. PhD, CSCS*D; Kushner, Adam BS, CSCS; Myer, Gregory D. PhD, CSCS*D

Strength & Conditioning Journal: August 2016 - Volume 38 - Issue 4 - p 9–27
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000234
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ABSTRACT THE SECOND PART OF THIS REVIEW PROVIDES A FLEXIBLE APPROACH TO INTEGRATIVE NEUROMUSCULAR TRAINING (INT) WITH THE GOALS TO IMPROVE INJURY RESILIENCE AND TO ENHANCE SPORT AND MOTOR PERFORMANCE ABILITIES IN YOUTH POPULATIONS. THE PROPOSED MODEL OF INT IN THIS MANUSCRIPT PRESENTS 6 ESSENTIAL COMPONENTS: DYNAMIC STABILITY (LOWER LIMB AND CORE), STRENGTH, PLYOMETRICS, COORDINATION, SPEED AND AGILITY, AND FATIGUE RESISTANCE. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THESE 6 CAPACITIES ARE INTEGRAL IN ESTABLISHING AN IMPORTANT FOUNDATION BY INITIALLY DEVELOPING FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILL COMPETENCY BEFORE BUILDING UPON THESE SKILLS TO ENRICH SPORTS-SPECIFIC AND ACTIVITY-SPECIFIC SKILL SETS. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 (SEE VIDEO, http://links.lww.com/SCJ/A190).

1School of Health and Sport Sciences (EUSES), Universitat de Girona, Salt, Spain;

2Blanquerna Faculty of Psychology, Education Sciences and Sport (FPCEE), Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain;

3Segle XXI Female Basketball Team, Catalan Federation of Basketball, Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain;

4Youth Physical Development Unit, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, Wales;

5Division of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio;

6Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio;

7Sports Health and Performance Institute, Sports Medicine, Ohio State University Medical Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; and

8Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts

Address correspondence to Azahara Fort Vanmeerhaeghe, afortvan@gmail.com.

Conflict of Interests and Source of Funding: We acknowledge funding support from National Institutes of Health/NIAMS Grant R21AR06506801A1 and U01AR067997.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://journals.lww.com/nsca-scj).

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Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaegheis an Associate Professor at the School of Health and Sport Sciences (EUSES, University of Girona, Spain) and a strength and conditioning coach of elite female youth basketball players (Segle XXI team, Catalan Federation of Basketball).

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Daniel Romero-Rodriguezis an Associate Professor at the School of Health and Sport Sciences (EUSES, University of Girona, Spain) and the Sporting and Technical Director of ReSport Clinic (Barcelona, Spain) and Novaelite Sport Center (Barcelona, Spain).

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Rhodri S. Lloydis a Senior Lecturer in Strength and Conditioning at Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Adam W. Kushneris a Clinical Research Coordinator in the Human Performance Laboratory for the Division of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

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Gregory D. Myeris Director of Research and the Human Performance Laboratory for the Division of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and holds primary academic appointments in the Departments of Pediatrics and Orthopaedic Surgery within the College of Medicine at University of Cincinnati.

© 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association