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Triple and Quintuple Hops: Utility, Reliability, Asymmetry, and Relationship to Performance

Stolberg, Michael MSc; Sharp, Anthony MSc; Comtois, Alain S. PhD; Lloyd, Rhodri S. PhD; Oliver, Jon L. PhD; Cronin, John PhD

Strength and Conditioning Journal: June 2016 - Volume 38 - Issue 3 - p 18–25
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000224
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ABSTRACT TRIPLE AND QUINTUPLE HOPS (THT AND QHT, RESPECTIVELY) ARE USED TO TEST REPEATED PROPULSION. THIS NARRATIVE REVIEW PROVIDES INFORMATION REGARDING THE USE OF THT AND QHT, AS WELL AS THEIR RELIABILITY, TESTING NORMS BY SEX AND ATHLETIC LEVEL, THEIR ABILITY IN DETECTING ASYMMETRY AND RELEVANCE TO OTHER PERFORMANCE MEASURES. THE TESTS' RELIABILITY (INTRACLASS CORRELATION COEFFICIENT [ICC]THT = 0.80–0.98; STANDARD ERROR OF THE MEAN [SEM]THT = 0.11–0.23 M; ICCQHT = 0.89) WARRANTS THEIR INCLUSION DURING TESTING BATTERIES. THT RANGES FROM 4.28 TO 6.90 M AND ASYMMETRIES RANGE FROM 10 TO 15%. THT IS LIKELY RELATED TO ACCELERATION CAPABILITIES. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS ARE PROVIDED TO PRACTITIONERS REGARDING TESTS' ADMINISTRATION.

1Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Montreal, Québec, Canada;

2Institut National du Sport du Québec (INS Québec), Montreal, Québec, Canada;

3Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT Millennium Instutute, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand;

4New Zealand Cricket, Lincoln, New Zealand;

5Youth Physical Development Unit, School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom; and

6School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia

Address correspondence to Michael Stolberg, stolberg.m@gmail.com.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Michael Stolbergis a strength and conditioning coach, INS Québec and professional member of the Human Performance Laboratory, UQAM.

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Anthony Sharpis a doctoral student, Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ), and a high performance strength and conditioning manager, New Zealand Cricket.

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Alain S. Comtoisis the director of graduate studies and professor in the department of Physical Activity Sciences, UQAM.

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Rhodri S. Lloydis a lecturer in sport and exercise physiology, Cardiff Metropolitan University.

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Jon L. Oliveris a senior lecturer in sport and exercise physiology, Cardiff Metropolitan University in Cardiff.

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John Croninis the co-director and professor of strength and conditioning, Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ) and an adjunct professor, Edith Cowan University.

© 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association