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American Football: Considerations for Optimal Performance in the Heat

Lopez, Rebecca M. PhD, ATC, CSCS

Strength and Conditioning Journal: December 2015 - Volume 37 - Issue 6 - p 72–78
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000176
Article

ABSTRACT FOOTBALL PERFORMANCE CAN BE NEGATIVELY AFFECTED IN A HOT AND HUMID ENVIRONMENT. PREPARING FOR FOOTBALL IN THE HEAT THROUGH PROPER TRAINING AND HEAT ACCLIMATIZATION, IN ADDITION TO VARIOUS PRACTICE AND GAME DAY MODIFICATIONS, CAN HELP PREVENT FATIGUE AND TIME TO EXHAUSTION. FOOTBALL PLAYERS SHOULD MAKE PERSONAL MODIFICATIONS SUCH AS ENSURING THAT THEY HAVE ADEQUATE SLEEP, HYDRATION, AND A PROPER DIET. IT IS ALSO IMPORTANT FOR COACHES TO UNDERSTAND THE VARIOUS FACTORS THAT MAY IMPEDE PERFORMANCE, SUCH AS THE AMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT WORN, WORK-TO-REST RATIOS, ACCESS TO FLUIDS, AND THE INTENSITY AND DURATION OF PRACTICES.

Department of Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The author reports no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Rebecca M. Lopez is an Assistant Professor and Director of the Post-Professional Athletic Training Program at the University of South Florida's Morsani College of Medicine.

© 2015 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association