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Shoulder Function During Overhead Lifting Tasks

Implications for Screening Athletes

Howe, Louis P. MSc; Blagrove, Richard C. MSc, CSCS

Strength & Conditioning Journal: October 2015 - Volume 37 - Issue 5 - p 84–96
doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000163
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ABSTRACT OVERHEAD EXERCISES ARE COMMON PLACE IN MANY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS. AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF SUPPORTING LOAD ABOVE HEAD IS THE DEMONSTRATION OF OPTIMAL JOINT KINEMATICS AT THE SHOULDER COMPLEX. THIS ARTICLE WILL CONSIDER VARIOUS DYSFUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT STRATEGIES THAT MAY PRESENT DURING OVERHEAD LIFTING EXERCISES, POTENTIALLY EXPOSING AN ATHLETE TO PATHOLOGY. A SCREENING PROCESS WILL ALSO BE DISCUSSED, PROVIDING COACHES WITH A THOUGHT-PROCESS IN WHICH THEY MAY ASSESS AN ATHLETE'S SUITABILITY FOR OVERHEAD LIFTING EXERCISES BASED ON THEIR MOVEMENT COMPETENCY.

Faculty of Sport, Health and Applied Sciences, St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, England

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.

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Louis P. Howeis a Lecturer in Strength and Conditioning at St Mary's University.

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Richard C. Blagroveis Programme Director in Strength and Conditioning Science at St Mary's University.

© 2015 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association