THE CONCEPT OF USING HANDHELD LOADING DURING A STANDING LONG JUMP DATES BACK ALMOST 3,000 YEARS TO ANCIENT GREECE. THIS MAY HAVE BEEN ONE OF THE EARLIEST ATTEMPTS TO PASSIVELY ENHANCE ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE. DESPITE NUMEROUS LIMITATIONS IN THE MORE RECENT LITERATURE, RESEARCHERS HAVE REPORTED ACUTE ENHANCEMENTS IN HORIZONTAL JUMPING DISTANCE. HOWEVER, THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF HANDHELD LOADING HAVE NEVER BEEN INVESTIGATED. THE PURPOSES OF THIS REVIEW ARE TO PROVIDE (A) A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF LITERATURE ON THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF HANDHELD LOADING ON HORIZONTAL JUMPING PERFORMANCE, (B) DIRECTION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH, AND (C) PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT DISCUSSING THIS ARTICLE, SEE VIDEO, SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A135.
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Faculty of Health and Environmental Science, Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.
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Chloe McKenzie is a Master's student of Sport and Exercise Science with AUT University's School of Sport and Recreation in Auckland, New Zealand.
Matt Brughelli is a Senior Lecturer in Sport and Exercise Science at AUT University and a strength and conditioning coach.
Paul Gamble is a Research Associate at the Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand and a strength and conditioning coach.
Chris Whatman is a Senior Lecturer and Discipline Leader in Exercise Science at AUT University.