CONSIDERABLE IMPROVEMENTS CAN BE MADE FROM LAND-BASED STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING (S&C) FOR SPRINT SWIMMING. THE BASIS OF TRAINING SHOULD AIM TO ENHANCE PERFORMANCE, WITH PARTICULAR FOCUS ON THE START AND TURN, WHERE THE S&C COACH CAN ATTEMPT TO MAXIMIZE GROUND REACTION FORCES. THE POTENTIAL FOR INJURIES IN BOTH THE LOWER AND UPPER BODY SHOULD ALSO BE ADDRESSED, WITH SPECIFIC ATTENTION ON THE KNEE AND SHOULDER JOINTS. THEREFORE, THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE WAS TO PROVIDE S&C PROFESSIONALS WITH A REVIEW OF EXISTING LITERATURE SURROUNDING THE BIOMECHANICS OF STARTS AND TURNS AND HOW ITS APPLICATION CAN ENHANCE SWIMMING PERFORMANCE. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE VIDEO, SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1, HTTP://LINKS.LWW.COM/SCJ/A130.
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1School of Health and Social Sciences, London Sport Institute, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom; and
2School of Sport, Health, and Applied Science, St. Mary's University, London, United Kingdom
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.
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Chris Bishop is the lead strength and conditioning coach for Optimum Elite Fitness and a lecturer on the BSc Sport & Exercise Science Program at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University.
Jon Cree is a strength and conditioning coach and a lecturer in Sport & Exercise Science and Sport & Exercise Rehabilitation at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University.
Paul Read is a senior lecturer in strength and conditioning at St Mary's University, London.
Shyam Chavda is an academy strength and conditioning coach for British Fencing and QPR Football Club and the sport technician and weightlifting coach at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University.
Michael Edwards is a sessional lecturer and strength and conditioning coach at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University.
Anthony Turner is the program leader for the MSc in strength and conditioning at the London Sport Institute, Middlesex University.