STRETCHING IS A COMMONLY PRESCRIBED EXERCISE ACTIVITY THAT HAS BEEN APPLIED TO WARM-UP, INCREASING RANGE OF MOTION (ROM), AND RECOVERY FROM TRAINING. THE PRACTITIONER SHOULD UNDERSTAND THE EFFECTS OF STRETCHING EXERCISE AND THE INHERENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TYPES OF STRETCHING EXERCISES AND ACTIVITIES DESIGNED TO ENHANCE "LOOSENESS" AND FREEDOM OF MOTION. STRETCHING TO ENHANCE ROM MAY BE CONTRAINDICATED WHEN APPLIED TO RECOVERY ACTIVITIES. STRETCHING FOR RECOVERY SHOULD BE PAIN-FREE MOTION WITHIN THE CONSTRAINTS OF MAXIMUM ROM OF A JOINT. FOR A VIDEO ABSTRACT OF THIS ARTICLE, SEE SUPPLEMENTAL DIGITAL CONTENT 1 (SEE VIDEO, http://links.lww.com/SCJ/A119).
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1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee;
2Department of Physical Education, Health, and Recreation, Eastern Washington University, Cheney, Washington; and
3Department of Kinesiology, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, Colorado
Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest and no source of funding.
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William A. Sandsis a professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.
Jeni R. McNealis a professor at Eastern Washington University and Strength and Conditioning Consultant for United States Diving.
Steven R. Murrayis a professor at Colorado Mesa University.
Michael W. Ramseyis the chair of the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.
Kimitake Satois an assistant professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, and an adjunct faculty for Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education at East Tennessee State University.
Satoshi Mizuguchiis an assistant professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.
Michael H. Stoneis the laboratory supervisor, PhD coordinator, and a professor in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at East Tennessee State University.