THE LUNGE PATTERN IS CONSIDERED A FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT PATTERN DUE TO ITS OCCURRENCE IN ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING AND SPORT- SPECIFIC TRAINING. IT IS A PATTERN OFTEN USED BY SPORT MEDICINE PROFESSIONALS AND STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING SPECIALISTS TO IMPROVE PROPRIOCEPTION AND STRENGTH. THE FORWARD LUNGE HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AS AN EFFECTIVE EXERCISE FOR IMPROVING COORDINATION AND MUSCLE BALANCE TO ENHANCE PERFORMANCE IN UNILATERAL ACTIVITIES SUCH AS SPRINTING AND CHANGE OF DIRECTION. DUE TO THE PREVALENCE OF THE LUNGE PATTERN IN SPORT TRAINING, SCREENING AN ATHLETE'S LUNGE PATTERN BEFORE EXTENSIVE LOADING OF MUSCLE OCCURS MAY BE A BEST PRACTICE.
1Institute of Sport and Recreation Research New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand; and 2School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia
Matthew Kritz is a PhD candidate in strength and conditioning/human movement at the Institute of Sport and Recreation Research, New Zealand AUT University, and a senior strength and conditioning specialist for the New Zealand Academy of Sport.
John Cronin is a professor at AUT University in Exercise Science, Strength and Conditioning.
Patria Hume is a professor at AUT University in Exercise Science, Human Movement.