Endurance can be defined as the ability to maintain or to repeat a given force or power output. The sport performance-endurance relationship is a multi-factorial concept. However, evidence indicates that maximum strength is a major component. Conceptually, endurance is a continuum. The literature indicates that (a) maximum strength is moderately to strongly related to endurance capabilities and associated factors, a relationship that is likely stronger for high intensity exercise endurance (HIEE) activities than for low intensity exercise endurance (LIEE); (b) strength training can increase both HIEE and LIEE, the effect being greater for HIEE; (c) the volume of strength training plays a role in endurance adaptation; and (d) mechanical specificity and training program variables also play a role in the degree of adaptation.
Michael H. Stone is currently the Exercise and Sports Science Laboratory Director at East Tennessee State University.
Margaret E. Stone is currently a track and field coach at East Tennessee State University.
William A. Sands is the head of Sports Biomechanics and Engineering for the United States Olympic Committee.
Kyle C. Pierce is a professor in the Kinesi-ology and Health Science Department and is the Director and Coach of the USA Weightlifting Development Center at LSU Shreveport.
Robert U. Newton is the foundation professor in Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences at Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia.
G. Gregory Haff is currently an assistant professor in the Division of Exercise Physiology in the Department of Human Performance and Applied Exercise Physiology at the West Virginia University School of Medicine in Morgantown, West Virginia.
Jon Carlock is currently the Strength and Conditioning Supervisor at the Olympic Training Center in Lake Placid, New York.
© 2006 National Strength and Conditioning Association