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Effects of Psyching-Up on Sprint Performance

Hammoudi-Nassib, Sarra1,2; Nassib, Sabri1,2; Chtara, Moktar1,2; Briki, Walid3; Chaouachi, Anis1,4; Tod, David5; Chamari, Karim1,6

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: August 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 8 - p 2066–2074
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000373
Original Research

Hammoudi-Nassib, S, Nassib, S, Chtara, M, Briki, W, Chaouachi, A, Tod, D, and Chamari, K. Effects of psyching-up on sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2066–2074, 2017—The present research aimed at examining whether the psyching up (PU) strategies improve performance in 30-m sprinting. Sixteen male sprinters (age, 20.6 ± 1.3 years; body mass, 77.5 ± 7.1 kg; height, 180.8 ± 5.6 cm) participated in this study. Before each experimental session, the Hooper index was used to monitor the subject’s feeling for the quality of sleep of the previous night, perceived quantity of stress, delayed onset muscle soreness, and fatigue. After completing general and specific warm-up, participants had to rate their degree of self-confidence. Then, they were asked to follow 1 of these 4 conditions: Imagery (experimental PU condition), Preparatory arousal (experimental PU condition), Attention placebo (control condition), and Distraction (control condition) during the final 30 seconds of the rest period right before performing a 30-m sprint. Participants separately and randomly performed all conditions. Results showed that although the imagery and preparatory arousal strategies contributed to increase the performance in the short-distance sprints (from 0 to 10 m), the imagery strategy contributed to increase the performance in the 30-m sprints. These findings support the general view that the PU strategies could improve athletic performance.

1Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sports Performance Optimization” National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia;

2University of Manouba, ISSEP Ksar Saîd, Tunis, Tunisia;

3Sport Science Program, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar;

4AUT University, Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand;

5Department of Sport and Exercise Science, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom; and

6Aspetar, Research and Education Center, Aspetar Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Address correspondence to Anis Chaouachi, anis.chaouachi@email.ati.tn.

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.