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No Differences Between Alter G-Trainer and Active and Passive Recovery Strategies on Isokinetic Strength, Systemic Oxidative Stress and Perceived Muscle Soreness After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage

Cooke, Matthew, B.1; Nix, Carrie, M.2; Greenwood, Lori, D.3; Greenwood, Mike, C.3

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: March 2018 - Volume 32 - Issue 3 - p 736–747
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001750
Original Research

Cooke, MB, Nix, C, Greenwood, L, and Greenwood, M. No Differences Between Alter G-Trainer and Active and Passive Recovery Strategies on Isokinetic Strength, Systemic Oxidative Stress and Perceived Muscle Soreness After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 736–747, 2018—The incidence of muscle injuries is prevalent in elite sport athletes and weekend warriors and strategies that safely and effectively hasten recovery are highly desirable. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between 3 recovery methods after eliciting muscle damage in recreationally active men relative to maximal isokinetic contractions, perceived muscle soreness, and psychological mood states. Twenty-five recreationally active men (22.15 ± 3.53 years, 75.75 ± 11.91 kg, 180.52 ± 7.3 cm) were randomly matched by V[Combining Dot Above]O2 peak (53.86 ± 6.65 ml·kg−1·min−1) and assigned to one of 3 recovery methods: anti-gravity treadmill (G-Trainer) (N = 8), conventional treadmill (N = 8) or static stretching (N = 9). Recovery methods were performed 30 minutes, 24, 48, and 72 hours after a 45-minute downhill run. Following eccentrically biased running, no significant differences were noted in isokinetic knee flexion and extension peak torque, systemic markers of muscle damage, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation such as serum creatine kinase (CK), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA), respectively, and subjective ratings of perceived muscle soreness between recovery methods. The G-Trainer group did however display a higher mood state as indicated by the Profile of Mood State global scores at 24 hours postexercise when compared to the conventional treadmill recovery group (p = 0.035). The improved mood state after the use of the anti-gravity treadmill may provide clinical relevance to other populations.

1College of Health and Biomedicine, Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia;

2Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, Texas; and

3Department of Health and Kinesiology, Exercise and Sport Nutrition Laboratory, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas

Address correspondence to Dr. Matthew B. Cooke, matt.cooke@vu.edu.au.

Copyright © 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.