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Competition Intensity and Fatigue in Elite Fencing

Turner, Anthony N.1,3; Kilduff, Liam P.2; Marshall, Geoff J.G.3; Phillips, James3; Noto, Angelo3; Buttigieg, Conor3; Gondek, Marcela1; Hills, Frank A.1; Dimitriou, Lygeri1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: November 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p 3128–3136
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001758
Original Research

Turner, AN, Kilduff, LP, Marshall, GJG, Phillips, J, Noto, A, Buttigieg, C, Gondek, M, Hills, FA, and Dimitriou, L. Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3128–3136, 2017—As yet, no studies have characterized fencing competitions. Therefore, in elite male foilists and across 2 competitions, we investigated their countermovement jump height, testosterone (T), cortisol (C), alpha-amylase (AA), immunoglobulin A (IgA), heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Average (±SD) scores for RPE, BL, and HR (average, max, and percentage of time ≥80% HRmax) were highest in the knockout bouts compared with poules (8.5 ± 1.3 vs. 5.7 ± 1.3, 3.6 ± 1.0 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4 mmol·L, 171 ± 5 vs. 168 ± 8 b·min−1, 195 ± 7 vs. 192 ± 7 b·min−1, 74 vs. 68%); however, only significant (p ≤ 0.05) for RPE. Countermovement jump height, albeit nonsignificantly (p > 0.05), increased throughout competition and dropped thereafter. Although responses of C, AA, and IgA showed a tendency to increase during competition and drop thereafter (T and T:C doing the opposite), no significant differences were noted for any analyte. Results suggest that fencing is a high-intensity anaerobic sport, relying on alactic energy sources. However, some bouts evoke BL values of ≥4 mmol·L and thus derive energy from anaerobic glycolysis. High HRs appear possible on account of ample within- and between-bout rest. The small competition load associated with fencing competitions may explain the nonsignificant findings noticed.

1London Sport Institute, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom;

2Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom; and

3British Fencing World Class Program, Leon Paul Fencing Center, London, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Anthony N. Turner,

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.