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Acute Effect of Whole-Body Vibration Warm-up on Footspeed Quickness

Donahue, Ryan B.1; Vingren, Jakob L.1,2; Duplanty, Anthony A.2; Levitt, Danielle E.2; Luk, Hui-Ying1,2; Kraemer, William J.3

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: August 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 8 - p 2286–2291
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001014
Original Research

Donahue, RB, Vingren, JL, Duplanty, AA, Levitt, DE, Luk, H-Y, and Kraemer, WJ. Acute effect of whole-body vibration warm-up on footspeed quickness. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2286–2291, 2016—The warm-up routine preceding a training or athletic event can affect the performance during that event. Whole-body vibration (WBV) can increase muscle performance, and thus the inclusion of WBV to the warm-up routine might provide additional performance improvements. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the acute effect of a WBV warm-up, using a vertical oscillating platform and a more traditional warm-up protocol on feet quickness in physically active men. Twenty healthy and physically active men (18–25 years, 22 ± 3 years, 176.8 ± 6.4 cm, 84.4 ± 11.5 kg, 10.8 ± 1.4% body fat) volunteered for this study. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used to examine the effect of 4 warm-up scenarios (no warm-up, traditional warm-up only, WBV warm-up only, and combined traditional and WBV warm-up) on subsequent 3-second Quick feet count test (QFT) performance. The traditional warm-up consisted of static and dynamic exercises and stretches. The WBV warm-up consisted of 60 seconds of vertical sinusoidal vibration at a frequency of 35 Hz and amplitude of 4 mm on a vibration platform. The WBV protocol significantly (p ≤ 0.0005, η2 = 0.581) augmented QFT performance (WBV: 37.1 ± 3.4 touches; no-WBV: 35.7 ± 3.4 touches). The results demonstrate that WBV can enhance the performance score on the QFT. The findings of this study suggest that WBV warm-up should be included in warm-up routines preceding training and athletic events which include very fast foot movements.

1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut;

2Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Health Promotion and Recreation, Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas; and

3Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

Address correspondence to Jakob L. Vingren, Jakob.vingren@unt.edu.

Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.