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Influence of the ACTN3 Genotype and the Exercise Intensity on the Respiratory Exchange Ratio and Excess Oxygen Consumption After Exercise

de L. Corrêa, Hugo1; Ribeiro, Heitor S.1; Maya, Áthila T. D.1,2; Neves, Rodrigo P.1; de Moraes, Milton R.1; Lima, Ricardo M.3; Nóbrega, Otávio T.4; Ferreira, Aparecido P.1,2

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 17, 2018 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002911
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de L. Corrêa, H, Ribeiro, HS, Maya, ÁTD, Neves, RP, de Moraes, MR, Lima, RM, Nóbrega, OT, and Ferreira, AP. Influence of the ACTN3 genotype and the exercise intensity on the respiratory exchange ratio and excess oxygen consumption after exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2018—This study aimed to assess the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after high-intensity interval training and continuous moderate-intensity aerobic training in accordance with the ACTN3 genotype. A cross-sectional study with 30 physically active individuals who participated in 3 experimental sessions, as follows: a high-intensity interval aerobic exercise, for 3 minutes at 115% anaerobic threshold, with 90 seconds of passive recovery; a continuous moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at 85% anaerobic threshold; and a control session. Respiratory exchange ratio and V[Combining Dot Above]O2 were obtained through an indirect, calorimetry-based gas analysis method, using a breath-by-breath approach, assessed at baseline, during the trials, and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 hours after exercise. We found that lower postexercise RER values were observed only in subjects with the X allele, in both the high- and the moderate-intensity training protocols. Homozygous RR subjects showed no differences in postexercise RER compared with the scores at the control day. After both sessions of exercise, EPOC levels were higher compared with scores at the control day for 2 hours among X allele carriers, and only in the first hour among RR homozygous. Thus, the RER and EPOC presented different responses after moderate and intense exercise according to the ACTN3 genotype. Moreover, individuals with the X allele of the ACTN3 gene show a higher oxidation of fats in the postexercise period.

1Graduation Program in Physical Education and Health, Catholic University of Brazil—UCB-DF, Brasília, DF, Brazil;

2Interdisciplinary Research Center, ICESP, Brasília, DF, Brazil;

3Graduation Program in Physical Education, Brazil University (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil; and

4Graduation Program in Health Sciences, Brazil University (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil

Address correspondence to Aparecido P. Ferreira, cidopimentel@gmail.com.

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