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Influence of Resistance Training Exercise Order on Muscle Strength, Hypertrophy, and Anabolic Hormones in Older Women

A Randomized Controlled Trial

Tomeleri, Crisieli M.1,2; Ribeiro, Alex S.3; Nunes, João Pedro1; Schoenfeld, Brad J.4; Souza, Mariana F.5; Schiavoni, Durcelina1; Junior, Paulo S.1; Cavaglieri, Cláudia R.2; Cunha, Paolo M.1; Venturini, Danielle6; Barbosa, Décio S.6; Cyrino, Edilson S.1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 03, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003147
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Tomeleri, CM, Ribeiro, AS, Nunes, JP, Schoenfeld, BJ, Souza, MF, Schiavoni, D, Junior, PS, Cavaglieri, CR, Cunha, PM, Venturini, D, Barbosa, DS, and Cyrino, ES. Influence of resistance training exercise order on muscle strength, hypertrophy, and anabolic hormones in older women: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2019—The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) exercise order on muscle strength, hypertrophy, and anabolic hormones in older women. Forty-four older women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a nonexercise control group (CON, n = 15) and two RT groups that performed a 12-week RT program in a multijoint to single-joint order (MJ-SJ, n = 14), or in a single-joint to multijoint order (SJ-MJ, n = 15). The RT protocol (3×/week) encompassed 8 exercises, with 3 sets of 10–15 repetitions performed per exercise. One repetition maximum tests were used to evaluate muscle strength; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to estimate lean soft tissue. Both training groups showed significant and similar increases in muscle strength (MJ-SJ = 16.4%; SJ-MJ = 12.7%) and mass (MJ-SJ = 7.5%; SJ-MJ = 6.1%), whereas there were no significant changes in testosterone and insulin-like growth factor 1. The results suggest that both approaches are similarly effective in eliciting morphofunctional improvements in older women.

1Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil;

2Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas—Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil;

3Center for Research in Health Sciences, University of Northern Parana, Londrina, Brazil;

4Exercise Science Department, Cuny Lehman College, Bronx, New York;

5Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, Brazil; and

6Clinical Analyses Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil

Address correspondence to João Pedro Nunes, joaonunes.jpn@hotmail.com.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.