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Effects of Periodized vs. Nonperiodized Resistance Training on Army-Specific Fitness and Skills Performance

Heilbronn, Brian E.1; Doma, Kenji1; Gormann, Dale2; Schumann, Moritz3; Sinclair, Wade H.1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: January 31, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003029
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Heilbronn, BE, Doma, K, Gormann, D, Schumann, M, and Sinclair, WH. Effects of periodized vs. nonperiodized resistance training on army-specific fitness and skills performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2018—This study investigated the effects of periodized resistance training (PRD) and nonperiodized resistance training (NPRD) on army-specific fitness and skills performance measures. Forty-nine serving members of the Australian Army were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 training groups: PRD, NPRD, or no-resistance training (NRT). Resistance training (RT) was performed during PRD and NPRD twice a week for 9 weeks, over a 15-week period, as part of a structured strength and conditioning program. Baseline, mid- and post-testing measures included anthropometric, strength, and army-specific outcome measures. Results indicated that participants who undertook RT significantly improved in 3 repetition maximum (3RM) squat, deadlift, and floor press for both RT groups, at mid- and post-testing (p < 0.05), when compared with NRT. Significant improvements were also observed in 5-km weight load marching postintervention similarly for PRD (p < 0.05) and NPRD (p < 0.01) and simulated fire and movement for both RT groups at both time points (p < 0.01), compared with the NRT group (p > 0.05). Although little difference was observed between periodization models, the current findings suggest greater advantage in developing army-specific performances if a structured RT protocol is included in a generic physical training program compared with a NRT protocol. Therefore, a structured RT program should be considered for military personnel aiming to optimize army-specific fitness and skills performance.

1College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia;

2Australian Army, Australia; and

3Institute of Cardiology and Sports Medicine, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany

Address correspondence to Brian E. Heilbronn, brian.heilbronn@jcu.edu.au.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.