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Effects of Interlimb Asymmetries on Acceleration and Change of Direction Speed

A Between-Sport Comparison of Professional Soccer and Cricket Athletes

Bishop, Chris1; Read, Paul2; Brazier, Jon3; Jarvis, Paul1; Chavda, Shyam1; Bromley, Tom4; Turner, Anthony1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 16, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003135
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Bishop, C, Read, P, Brazier, J, Jarvis, P, Chavda, S, Bromley, T, and Turner, A. Effects of interlimb asymmetries on acceleration and change of direction speed: a between-sport comparison of professional soccer and cricket athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2019—The first aim of this study was to quantify and compare asymmetries among professional soccer and cricket athletes. The second aim was to examine the association between asymmetries and performance within both groups. Professional soccer (n = 18) and cricket (n = 23) athletes performed single-leg countermovement jumps, single-leg drop jumps (SLDJs), a 10-m sprint, and 505 change of direction speed (CODS) tests. Interlimb asymmetries were calculated as a standard percentage difference, Mann-Whitney U tests conducted to establish systematic bias between groups, and Spearman's r correlations used to establish the relationship between asymmetry scores and speed and CODS performance. Soccer athletes sprinted faster, jumped higher, and had a greater reactive strength index (RSI) score than cricket athletes (p < 0.05). However, cricketers showed reduced ground contact times compared with footballers during the SLDJ (p < 0.05). The cricket group showed significantly greater jump height (asymmetry = 11.49 vs. 6.51%; p = 0.015) and RSI (asymmetry = 10.37 vs. 5.95%; p = 0.014) asymmetries compared with soccer players. These metrics were also associated with slower 505 times in the cricket group only (r = 0.56 –0.74; p < 0.01). These results show that between-limb asymmetries exhibit no association with speed and CODS in elite soccer players but are associated with reduced CODS in elite cricketers. Thus, the reduction of interlimb asymmetries may be of greater consideration when working with cricket vs. soccer athletes.

1Faculty of Science and Technology, London Sports Institute, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom;

2Athlete Health and Performance Research Center, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar;

3Department of Psychology and Sports Science, School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom; and

4Department of Sport Science and Medicine, MK Dons Football Club, Stadium MK, Stadium Way, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Chris Bishop, C.Bishop@mdx.ac.uk.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.