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Does the Expectancy on the Static Stretching Effect Interfere With Strength-Endurance Performance?

Bertolaccini, Ana L.1; da Silva, Aline Alves1; Teixeira, Emerson L.1; Schoenfeld, Brad J.2; de Salles Painelli, Vitor1,3

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 17, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003168
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Bertolaccini, AL, da Silva, AA, Teixeira, EL, Schoenfeld, BJ, and de Salles Painelli, V. Does the expectancy on the static stretching effect interfere with strength-endurance performance? J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2019—Static stretching (SS) may interfere with strength performance. Such interference, however, may be partially attributed to the subjects' or researcher's expectancy about the SS effects. We aimed to examine whether the manipulation of subjects' expectancy of SS on force production could influence strength-endurance during unilateral knee extension exercise. Eighteen strength-trained men were randomly divided into positively biased (PB; N = 09) or negatively biased (N = 09) groups on the possible effects of SS on performance. Subjects' total number of repetitions and total volume of exercise were assessed during strength-endurance tests (4 sets performed to failure at 70% of 1 repetition maximum) performed under 2 different conditions on separate days: Control—no stretching (CON); or SS. Static stretching consisted of 3 sets of 3 stretching exercises, lasting 30 seconds each. Data were analyzed using mixed models. Neither the total number of repetitions nor the total volume was significantly different between the CON and SS conditions, nor for type of bias (all p > 0.05). However, the number of repetitions in the last set of exercise was greater during SS compared with CON for the PB group (p = 0.01). Although previous negative or positive information about SS did not interfere with the total number of repetitions and total volume of exercise, previous positive information about SS improved performance in the last set of exercise. Expectancy therefore may have played a partial role influencing strength-endurance in previous studies.

1Strength Training Study and Research Group, Institute of Health Sciences, Paulista University, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil;

2Department of Health Sciences, CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, New York; and

3Applied Physiology and Nutrition Research Group, Laboratory of Assessment and Conditioning in Rheumatology, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Address correspondence to Vitor de Salles Painelli, vitor.painelli@usp.br.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.