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Comparison of the Hang High-Pull and Loaded Jump Squat for the Development of Vertical Jump and Isometric Force-Time Characteristics

Oranchuk, Dustin J.1,2; Robinson, Tracey L.1; Switaj, Zachary J.1; Drinkwater, Eric J.3

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 15, 2017 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001941
Original Research: PDF Only

Weightlifting movements have high skill demands and require expert coaching. Loaded jumps have a comparably lower skill demand, but may be similarly effective for improving explosive performance. The purpose of this study was to compare vertical jump performance, isometric force, and rate of force development (RFD) following a ten-week intervention employing the hang high-pull (hang-pull) or trap-bar jump squat (jump-squat). Eighteen NCAA Division II swimmers (8 males, 10 females) with at least one year of resistance training experience volunteered to participate. Testing included the squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ) and the isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP). Vertical ground reaction forces were analyzed to obtain jump height and relative peak power. Relative peak force, peak RFD and relative force at five time bands were obtained from the IMTP. Subjects were randomly assigned to either a hang-pull (n = 9) or jump-squat (n = 9) training group and completed a ten-week, volume-equated, periodized training program. While there was a significant main effect of training for both groups, no statistically significant between-group differences were found (p ≥ 0.17) for any of the dependent variables. However, medium effect sizes in favor of the jump-squat training group were seen in SJ height (d = 0.56) and SJ peak power (d = 0.69). Loaded jumps seem equally effective as weightlifting derivatives for improving lower-body power in experienced athletes. Since loaded jumps require less skill and less coaching expertise than weightlifting, loaded jumps should be considered where coaching complex movements is difficult.

1Department of Human Performance & Physical Education, Adams State University, Alamosa, Colorado, USA.

2Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

3Centre for Sport Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Science, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.

Corresponding author: Dustin J. Oranchuk 3-95 Grier Place Calgary Alberta, Canada, T2K-5Y5 Phone: 203-970-9654 Email: dustinoranchuk@gmail.com

Funding Disclosure: None.

Copyright © 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.