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Bilateral Deficit During Jumping Tasks

Relationship With Speed and Change of Direction Speed Performance

Bishop, Chris1; Berney, Jake1; Lake, Jason2; Loturco, Irineu3; Blagrove, Richard4; Turner, Anthony1; Read, Paul5

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 06, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003075
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Bishop, C, Berney, J, Lake, J, Loturco, I, Blagrove, R, Turner, A, and Read, P. Bilateral deficit during jumping tasks: relationship with speed and change of direction speed performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2019—Research to date has investigated the phenomenon of the bilateral deficit (BLD); however, limited research exists on its association with measures of athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnitude of the BLD and examine its relationship with linear speed and change of direction speed (CODS) performance. Eighteen physically active and healthy university students performed double- and single-leg countermovement jumps (CMJs), drop jumps (DJs), and standing broad jumps (SBJs) to calculate the BLD across jump tasks. Subjects also performed 10- and 30-m sprints and a 505 CODS test, which were correlated with all BLD metrics. Results showed varying levels of BLD across CMJ metrics (jump height, peak force, eccentric impulse, concentric impulse, and peak power), DJ metrics (ground contact time and flight time), and the SBJ (distance). However, a bilateral facilitation was shown for jump height and reactive strength index during the DJ test. The main findings of this study were that: (a) a larger BLD in CMJ height related to a faster 505 COD (left leg) (r = −0.48; p = 0.04), 505 COD (right leg) (r = −0.53; p = 0.02), and COD deficit (right leg) (r = −0.59; p = 0.01), (b) a larger BLD in CMJ concentric impulse related to faster 505 COD (left leg) (r = −0.51; p = 0.03), 505 COD (right leg) (r = −0.64, p = 0.01), and COD deficit (right leg) (r = −0.60; p = 0.01), and (c) a larger BLD in DJ flight time related to a faster 505 COD (left leg) (r = −0.48; p = 0.04). These results suggest that a larger BLD is associated with faster CODS performance, but not linear speed. This highlights the individual nature of the BLD and may support the notion of developing movement competency on one limb for enhanced CODS performance.

1London Sport Institute, Middlesex University, Allianz Park, Greenlands Lane, London, United Kingdom;

2Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom;

3Department of Sport Science and Research, Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, Sao Paulo, Brazil;

4Department of Sport and Exercise Science, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom; and

5Athlete Health and Performance Research Center, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar

Address correspondence to Chris Bishop, C.Bishop@mdx.ac.uk.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.