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Anaerobic Threshold in a Water-Based Exercise

Agreement Between Heart Rate Deflection Point and Lactate Threshold Methods

Alberton, Cristine L.; Andrade, Luana S.; Pinheiro, Rochele B.; Pinto, Stephanie S.

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: April 17, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003161
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Alberton, CL, Andrade, LS, Pinheiro, RB, and Pinto, SS. Anaerobic threshold in a water-based exercise: agreement between heart rate deflection point and lactate threshold methods. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2019—The purpose of this study was to compare and assess the agreement of the heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) corresponding to the anaerobic threshold (AT) between HR deflection point (HRDP) and lactate threshold (LT) methods during a water-based exercise in young men. Sixteen young men (24 ± 6 years) performed the experimental protocol, which comprised the performance of a maximal incremental test during the water-based stationary running exercise. The initial cadence corresponded to 90 b·min−1, with 10 b·min−1 increases every 3 minutes up to exhaustion. Heart rate was monitored every 30 seconds while blood lactate concentrations and RPE were measured at the end of each 3-minute bout. Anaerobic threshold was identified by HRDP and LT methods by experienced physiologists. Paired Student's t-test, Bland-Altman analysis, and Pearson correlation were used for data analysis (α = 0.05). As results, there was agreement between HRDP and LT methods for HR, while RPE presented significant higher values for the HRDP method, resulting in an absence of acceptable agreement between methods. In addition, strong relationships (p ≤ 0.001) were verified between methods of AT determination for HR (r = 0.786) and RPE (r = 0.916). Therefore, based on the agreement between HRDP and LT methods, the HR determined by HRDP may be a valid parameter used for the intensity prescription of water-based stationary running exercise in young men during water aerobics programs and may be considered more reliable than RPE.

Laboratory of Neuromuscular Assessment, Department of Sports, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil

Address correspondence to Dr. Cristine L. Alberton, tinialberton@yahoo.com.br.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.