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Adding whole body vibration to preconditioning squat exercise increases cycling sprint performance

Duc, Sébastien1; Rønnestad, Bent R.2; Bertucci, William1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 06, 2017 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002236
Original Research: PDF Only

This study investigated the effect of performing a preconditioning exercise with or without whole-body vibration (WBV) on a subsequent cycling sprint performance. Fourteen trained subjects performed two separate test sessions in randomized order. After a warm-up, the preconditioning exercise (body-loaded half squats) was applied: 30-seconds of half-squats with WBV (40 Hz, 2 mm) or 30-seconds of half-squats without WBV with a 10-second all-out sprint performed after one minute. Surface electromyography (EMG) was measured from the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and gastrocnemius medialis during the sprints. Blood lactate level (BL), heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were determined immediately after the 10-second sprint. Performing preconditioning exercise with WBV resulted in superior peak (1693 ± 356 W vs. 1637 ± 349 W, p ≤ 0.05) and mean power output (1121 ± 174 W vs. 1085 ± 175 W, p ≤ 0.05) compared to preconditioning exercise without WBV. Effect sizes showed a moderate and large practical effect of WBV vs. no WBV on peak and mean power output, respectively. No differences were observed between the conditions for BL, HR and RPE after the sprints and in EMG activity during the sprints. In conclusion, it is plausible to suggest that body-loaded half-squats with WBV acutely induces higher power output levels. The practical application of the current study is that body-loaded squats with WBV can be incorporated into preparations for specific sprint training to improve the quality of the sprint training and also in order to improve sprint performance in relevant competitions.

1Groupe de Recherche En Sciences Pour l’Ingénieur (EA 4694), UFR STAPS, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France

2Section for Sport Science, Lillehammer, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway,

Corresponding author: Sébastien Duc UFR STAPS, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne Campus Moulin de la Housse Bat 25 - BP 1036 51687 REIMS Cedex 2 France E-mail: sebastien.duc@univ-reims.fr Phone +33 326918401 Fax +33 326913890

No funding was received for this work from National Institutes of Health, Welcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, or others.

Copyright © 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.