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A Resisted Sprint Improves Rate Of Force Development During A 20-Meter Sprint In Athletes

Mangine Gerald; Huet, Kevin; Williamson, Cassie; Bechke, Emily; Serafini, Paul; Bender, David; Hudy, John; Townsend, Jeremy
The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: Post Acceptance: June 03, 2017
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002030
Original Research: PDF Only

This study examined the effect of a resisted sprint on 20-m sprinting kinetics. Following a standardized warm-up, twenty-three (male = 10, female = 13) division-1 basketball players completed three maximal 20-m sprint trials while tethered to a robotic resistance device. The first sprint (S1) used the minimal, necessary resistance (1-kg) to detect peak (PK) and average (AVG) sprinting power (P), velocity (V) and force (F); peak rate of force production (RFD) was also calculated. The second sprint (S2) was completed against a load equal to approximately 5% of the athlete’s body mass. Minimal resistance (1-kg) was again used for the final sprint (S3). Approximately 4–9 minutes of rest was allotted between each sprint. Separate analyses of variance with repeated measures revealed significant (p < 0.05) main effects for all sprinting kinetic measures except VPK (p = 0.067). Compared to S1, increased (p < 0.006) 20-m sprint time (3.4 ± 4.9%), PAVG (115.9 ± 33.2%), PPK (65.7 ± 23.7%), FAVG (134.1 ± 34.5%), FPK (65.3 ± 16.2%), and RFD (71.8 ± 22.2%) along with decreased (p < 0.001) stride length (–21 ± 15.3%) and VAVG (–6.6 ± 4.6%) were observed during S2. During S3, only RFD was improved (5.2 ± 7.1%, p < 0.001) compared to S1. In conclusion, completing a short, resisted-sprint with a load equating to 5% of body mass prior to a short sprint (∼20-meters) does not appear to affect sprinting time or kinetics. However, it does appear to enhance rate of force production.

Send Correspondence to: Gerald T. Mangine, Ph.D. Exercise Science and Sport Management Kennesaw State University Health Sciences, 4011 520 Parliament Garden Way NW Kennesaw, GA 30144 Tel: 470-578-3425 Fax: 470-578-9072 gmangine@kennesaw.edu

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