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Swim-Specific Resistance Training

A Systematic Review

Muniz-Pardos, Borja1; Gomez-Bruton, Alejandro1,2,3,4; Matute-Llorente, Angel1,2,3,4; Gonzalez-Aguero, Alex1,2,3,4; Gomez-Cabello, Alba1,2,3,4,5; Gonzalo-Skok, Oliver6; Casajus, Jose A.1,2,3,7; Vicente-Rodriguez, German1,2,3,4

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: October 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 10 - p 2875–2881
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003256
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Muniz-Pardos, B, Gomez-Bruton, A, Matute-Llorente, A, Gonzalez-Aguero, A, Gomez-Cabello, A, Gonzalo-Skok, O, Casajus, JA, and Vicente-Rodriguez, G. Swim-specific resistance training: A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 33(10): 2875–2881, 2019—The purpose of this systematic review was to determine which type of swim-specific training is most beneficial to enhance swimming performance and to determine which specific strength- or power-related tests better predict swimming performance. A search was conducted on PubMed, Cochrane Plus, and SPORTDiscus up to June 2018. Studies were distributed into 2 main categories: swim-specific dry land resistance training (SDLRT) and specific in-water swimming power training (SSWPT). From 1,844 citations, 25 met the inclusion criteria. It was determined that SSWPT was the most appropriate method to improve swimming performance, with tethered swimming protocols being the most studied and effective. In addition, SDLRT was a competent method to enhance swimming performance, and specifically, the inclusion of inertial training might evoke greater improvements in both strength/power capacities and swimming performance, than traditional resistance training. In conclusion, tether forces showed the greatest associations with swimming performance, although the efficacy of tethered swimming as an SSWPT method is yet to be confirmed. Further research should focus on the effects of SDLRT to verify the greater transfer of dry land resistance practices to swimming performance, with inertial training being potentially more beneficial than traditional resistance training.

1GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain;

2Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition Networking Biomedical Research Center (CIBERObn), Madrid, Spain;

3Agro-alimentary Institute of Aragon -IA2- (CITA-University of Zaragoza), Zaragoza, Spain;

4Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Faculty of Health and Sports Science (FCSD), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain;

5Defense University Center, Zaragoza, Spain;

6Faculty of Health Sciences, San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain; and

7Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences (FCS), University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Address correspondence to Dr. German Vicente-Rodriguez, gervicen@unizar.es.

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Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.