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Appetite Regulations After Sprint Exercise Under Hypoxic Condition in Female Athletes

Kojima, Chihiro1; Kasai, Nobukazu1; Ishibashi, Aya1,2; Murakami, Yukako1; Ebi, Kumiko1; Goto, Kazushige1

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: July 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 7 - p 1773–1780
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002131
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Kojima, C, Kasai, N, Ishibashi, A, Murakami, Y, Ebi, K, and Goto, K. Appetite regulations after sprint exercise under hypoxic condition in female athletes. J Strength Cond Res 33(7): 1773–1780, 2019—The present study determined changes in appetite-regulating hormones and energy intake after high-intensity interval exercise (HIIT) under hypoxic conditions (HYP) in trained female athletes. Fifteen female athletes completed 3 trials on different days of either HIIT under HYP, HIIT under normoxic conditions (NOR), or rest in normoxia (CON). Exercise trials consisted of 2 successive sets of 8 repeated bouts of a 6-second maximal sprint separated by a 30-second rest. Blood samples were obtained to measure plasma acylated ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide–1 (GLP-1), and metabolite concentrations. Energy intake during an ad libitum buffet meal test was evaluated 30 minutes after exercise or rest. Plasma acylated ghrelin concentrations decreased significantly after exercise (p ≤ 0.001), but no difference was observed between the HYP and NOR. Plasma GLP-1 concentrations did not differ after exercise, with no difference between the HYP and NOR. Although absolute energy intake in the HYP (634 ± 67 kcal) and NOR (597 ± 63 kcal) was significantly lower than that in the CON (756 ± 63 kcal, p = 0.006), no difference was observed between the HYP and NOR. These results show that HIIT under hypoxic and NOR lowered plasma acylated ghrelin concentrations and energy intake.

1Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan; and

2Japan Institute of Sports Science, Nishigaoka, Kitaku, Tokyo, Japan

Address correspondence to Dr. Kazushige Goto, kagoto@fc.ritsumei.ac.jp.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.