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“Ballistic Six” Upper-Extremity Plyometric Training for the Pediatric Volleyball Players

Turgut, Elif1; Cinar-Medeni, Ozge2; Colakoglu, Filiz F.3; Baltaci, Gul4

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 5 - p 1305–1310
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002060
Original Research

Turgut, E, Cinar-Medeni, O, Colakoglu, FF, and Baltaci, G. “Ballistic Six” upper-extremity plyometric training for the pediatric volleyball players. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1305–1310, 2019—The Ballistic Six exercise program includes commonly used upper-body exercises, and the program is recommended for overhead throwing athletes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week the Ballistic Six upper-extremity plyometric training program on upper-body explosive power, endurance, and reaction time in pediatric overhead athletes. Twenty-eight female pediatric volleyball players participated in the study. The participants were randomly divided into 2 study groups: an intervention group (upper-extremity plyometric training in addition to the volleyball training; n = 14) and a control group (the volleyball training only; n = 14). All the participants were assessed before and after a 12-week training program for upper-body power, strength and endurance, and reaction time. Statistical comparison was performed using an analysis of variance test. Comparisons showed that after a 12-week training program, the Ballistic Six upper-body plyometric training program resulted in more improvements in an overhead medicine ball throwing distance and a push-up performance, as well as greater improvements in the reaction time in the nonthrowing arm when compared with control training. In addition, a 12-week training program was found to be effective in achieving improvements in the reaction time in the throwing arm for both groups similarly. Compared with regular training, upper-body plyometric training resulted in additional improvements in upper-body power and strength and endurance among pediatric volleyball players. The findings of the study provide a basis for developing training protocols for pediatric volleyball players.

1Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey;

2Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Cankiri Karatekin University, Cankiri, Turkey;

3School of Sports Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey; and

4Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Private Guven Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Address correspondence to Elif Turgut,

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.