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Criterion Validity of Force and Power Outputs for a Commonly Used Flywheel Resistance Training Device and Bluetooth App

Weakley, Jonathon1,2; Fernández-Valdés, Bruno3; Thomas, Liam1; Ramirez-Lopez, Carlos1,2; Jones, Ben1,2,4,5

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: May 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 5 - p 1180–1184
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003132
Technical Report

Weakley, J, Fernández-Valdés, B, Thomas, L, Ramirez-Lopez, C, and Jones, B. Criterion validity of force and power outputs for a commonly used flywheel resistance training device and bluetooth app. J Strength Cond Res 33(5): 1180–1184, 2019—Flywheels are a resistance training device that can increase lean body mass, strength, and power. However, because of their unique design and the inertia from the concentric portion directly relating to the force that is applied during the eccentric portion, monitoring the training stimulus can be difficult. Consequently, the aim of this study was to assess the validity of the kMeter app for quantifying force and power at a range of different isoinertial loads from a flywheel training device when compared against a criterion measure. Eleven subjects volunteered to take part in this study, with subjects completing between 5 and 35 repetitions of the harness squat with 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 kg·m−2 isoinertial load. A synchronized dual force plate and tricamera optoelectronic setup was used as the criterion measure to calculate force and power output, while the kMeter app was used as the practical measure. Very large to nearly perfect relationships were observed between the 2 measures, with trivial to moderate bias reported. In addition, typical error of the estimate (TEE) was found to be <10% at all isoinertial loads. These findings suggest that the kMeter app, when used in conjunction with the kBox flywheel device, demonstrates acceptable levels of validity. However, because of the TEE, the kMeter app may not be able to accurately detect small differences and therefore be suitable for research purposes. These findings suggest that the kMeter app is an acceptable method of monitoring flywheel resistance training. Furthermore, it is advised that practitioners use mean power rather than mean force.

1Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom;

2Yorkshire Carnegie Rugby Union Club, Kirkstall Training Ground, Leeds Rugby Academy, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom;

3National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC), Barcelona, Spain;

4Leeds Rhinos Rugby Club, Headingley Carnegie Stadium, Leeds, United Kingdom; and

5The Rugby Football League, Red Hall, Leeds, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Jonathon Weakley,

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.