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The Impact of Dry-Land Sprint Start Training on the Short Track Speed Skating Start

Haug, William B.1,2,3; Drinkwater, Eric J.4; Cicero, Nicholas J.3; Barthell, J. Anthony3; Chapman, Dale W.1,3,5

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 2019 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 544–548
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001892
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Haug, WB, Drinkwater, EJ, Cicero, NJ, Barthell, JA, and Chapman, DW. The impact of dry-land sprint start training on the short track speed skating start. J Strength Cond Res 33(2): 544–548, 2019—This investigation sought to determine the effects of dry-land sprint start training on short track speed skating (STSS) start performance. Nine highly trained short track athletes completed a control period of normal STSS training followed by a 4-week training intervention. Before and after the control and intervention periods, athletes performed 3 electronically timed dry-land and on-ice 14.43 m maximal sprint start efforts. The intervention consisted of 2 sprint sessions per week consisting of 9 electronically timed 14.43 m dry-land sprint starts in addition to normal STSS training. The control period resulted in no substantial change in on-ice start performance (mean Δ: −0.01 seconds, 95% confidence limit [CL]: −0.08 to 0.05 seconds; effect size [ES]: −0.05; trivial); however, a small change was observed in dry-land start performance (mean Δ: −0.07 seconds, 95% CL: −0.13 to −0.02 seconds; ES: −0.49). After brief specific dry-land sprint start training, a small improvement was observed in both on-ice (Mean Δ: −0.07 seconds, 95% CL: −0.13 to −0.01 seconds; ES: −0.33) and dry-land (Mean Δ: −0.04 seconds, 95% CL: −0.09 to 0.00 seconds; ES: −0.29) start performance. This investigation suggests that STSS start performance can be improved through a brief dry-land sprint start training program.

1Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, Australia;

2School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, Australia;

3Australian National Short Track Speed Skating Team, Olympic Winter Institute of Australia, Melbourne, Australia;

4Center for Sport Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia; and

5School of Exercise and Health Science, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia

Address correspondence to Dr. William B. Haug, w.haug@lboro.ac.uk.

Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.