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Warm-Up Exercises May Not Be So Important for Enhancing Submaximal Running Performance

Takizawa, Kazuki1,2; Yamaguchi, Taichi3; Shibata, Keisuke4

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: May 2018 - Volume 32 - Issue 5 - p 1383–1390
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001970
Original Research

Takizawa, K, Yamaguchi, T, and Shibata, K. Warm-up exercises may not be so important for enhancing submaximal running performance. J Strength Cond Res 32(5): 1383–1390, 2018—The purpose of this study was to determine an appropriate warm-up intensity for enhancing performance in submaximal running at 90% vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max (it assumes 3,000–5,000 m in track events). Seven trained male university athletes took part in this study (age: 21.3 ± 2.1 years, height: 169.3 ± 4.7 cm, body mass: 58.4 ± 5.6 kg, V[Combining Dot Above]O2max: 73.33 ± 5.46 ml·kg−1·min−1). Each subject ran on a treadmill at 90% vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max until exhaustion after 1 of 4 warm-up treatments. The 4 warm-up treatments were no warm-up, 15 minutes running at 60% vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max, at 70% vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max, and at 80% vV[Combining Dot Above]O2max. The running performance was evaluated by time to exhaustion (TTE). V[Combining Dot Above]O2, and vastus lateralis muscle temperature were also measured. There were no significant differences in TTE among the warm-up exercises (p > 0.05). V[Combining Dot Above]O2 in no warm-up showed slower reaction than the other warm-up exercises. Regarding, the vastus lateralis muscle temperature immediately after warm-up, no warm-up was significantly (p < 0.01) lower compared with the other warm-up exercises. Our results suggested that submaximal running performance was not affected by the presence or absence of a warm-up or by warm-up intensity, although physiological changes occurred.

1Institute of Physical Development Research, Sapporo, Japan;

2Sports Training Center, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan;

3Laboratory of Food Ecology and Sports Science, Department of Foods Science and Human Wellness, College of Agriculuture, Food and Environment Science, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan; and

4Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Address correspondence to Kazuki Takizawa,

Copyright © 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.