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Aerobic Exercise Supplemented With Muscular Endurance Training Improves Onset of Blood Lactate Accumulation

Farrell, John, W., III1; Lantis, David, J.1; Ade, Carl, J.1,2; Cantrell, Greg, S.1; Larson, Rebecca, D.1

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: May 2018 - Volume 32 - Issue 5 - p 1376–1382
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001981
Original Research

Farrell III, JW, Lantis, DJ, Ade, CJ, Cantrell, GS, and Larson, RD. Aerobic exercise supplemented with muscular endurance training improves onset of blood lactate accumulation. J Strength Cond Res 32(5): 1376–1382, 2018—Studies have shown that when aerobic exercise is supplemented with muscular endurance training metabolic adaptions occur that result in the delay of the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA). However, previous studies have not explored any submaximal cardiorespiratory adaptations that may result from this training protocol. The aim of the current investigation was to evaluate the effect of supplementing an aerobic exercise training program with a muscular endurance training program on various cardiorespiratory and metabolic measurements. Fourteen aerobically active men performed an incremental exercise test to determine the OBLA, gas exchange threshold (GET), and maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max). Maximal strength was measured using 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for leg press (LP), leg curl (LC), and leg extension (LE). Eight subjects supplemented their aerobic activity (experimental [EX] group) with 8 weeks of muscular endurance training, while 6 continued their regular aerobic activity (control [CON] group). No significant group differences were observed for all pretraining variables. After 8 weeks of training, no significant differences in body mass, GET, and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max were observed for either group. However, the EX group showed a significant improvement for both absolute and relative V[Combining Dot Above]O2 at OBLA compared with the CON group. Leg curl and LE 1RM assessments for the EX group showed a significant improvement compared with CON group. Muscular endurance training did not improve GET and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, but significantly increased V[Combining Dot Above]O2 at OBLA, LP, and LC. These findings suggest that this training protocol maybe useful in the development of submaximal aerobic performance and leg strength for endurance athletes.

1Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma; and

2Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas

Address correspondence to Dr. John W. Farrell, John.W.Farrell-1@ou.edu.

Copyright © 2018 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.