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A Brief Review of Handgrip Strength and Sport Performance

Cronin, John1,2; Lawton, Trent1,3; Harris, Nigel1,4; Kilding, Andrew1; McMaster, Daniel T.5

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: November 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p 3187–3217
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002149
Brief Review

Cronin, J, Lawton, T, Harris, N, Kilding, A, and McMaster, DT. A brief review of handgrip strength and sport performance. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3187–3217, 2017—Tests of handgrip strength (HGS) and handgrip force (HGF) are commonly used across a number of sporting populations. Measures of HGS and HGF have also been used by practitioners and researchers to evaluate links with sports performance. This article first evaluates the validity and reliability of various handgrip dynamometers (HGD) and HGF sensors, providing recommendations for procedures to ensure that precise and reliable data are collected as part of an athlete's testing battery. Second, the differences in HGS between elite and subelite athletes and the relationships between HGS, HGF, and sports performance are discussed.

1Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand;

2School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia;

3High Performance Sport New Zealand, Gallagher High Performance Center, Cambridge, New Zealand;

4Human Potential Center, AUT University, Auckland 1020, New Zealand; and

5Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Tauranga, New Zealand

Address correspondence to Daniel T. McMaster,

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.