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Responses of Lower-Body Power and Match Running Demands Following Long-Haul Travel in International Rugby Sevens Players

Mitchell, John A.; Pumpa, Kate L.; Pyne, David B.

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: March 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 686–695
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001526
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Mitchell, JA, Pumpa, KL, and Pyne, DB. Responses of lowerbody power and match running demands after long-haul travel in international rugby sevens players. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 686–695, 2017—This study determined the effect of long-haul (>5 hours) travel on lower-body power and match running demands in international rugby sevens players. Lower-body power was assessed in 22 male international rugby sevens players (age 21.7 ± 2.7 years, mass 89.0 ± 6.7 kg, stature 180.5 ± 6.2 cm; mean ± SD) monitored over 17 rugby sevens tournaments. A countermovement jump was used to monitor lower-body power (peak and mean power) over repeated three week travel and competition periods (pretravel, posttravel, and posttournament). Small decreases were evident in peak power after both short and long-haul travel (−4.0%, ±3.2%; mean, ±90% confidence limits) with further reductions in peak and mean power posttournament (−4.5%, ±2.3% and −3.8%, ±1.5%) culminating in a moderate decrease in peak power overall (−7.4%, ±4.0%). A subset of 12 players (completing a minimum of 8 tournaments) had the effects of match running demands assessed with lower-body power. In this subset, long-haul travel elicited a large decrease in lower-body peak (−9.4%, ±3.5%) and mean power (−5.6%, ±2.9%) over the monitoring period, with a small decrease (−4.3%, ±3.0% and −2.2%, ±1.7%) posttravel and moderate decrease (−5.4%, ±2.5% and −3.5%, ±1.9%) posttournament, respectively. Match running demands were monitored through global positioning system. In long-haul tournaments, the 12 players covered ∼13%, ±13% greater total distance (meter) and ∼11%, ±10% higher average game meters >5 m·s−1 when compared with short-haul (<5 hours) travel. Effective pretravel and posttravel player management strategies are indicated to reduce neuromuscular fatigue and running load demands in rugby sevens tournaments after long-haul travel.

1Australian Rugby Union, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia;

2University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; and

3Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Address correspondence to John A. Mitchell, john.mitchell@ausport.gov.au.

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.