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Acute Effect of Countermovement Jumping on Throwing Performance in Track and Field Athletes During Competition

Karampatsos, Giorgos P.; Korfiatis, Panagiotis G.; Zaras, Nikolaos D.; Georgiadis, Giorgos V.; Terzis, Gerasimos D.

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: February 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 359–364
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001508
Original Research

Karampatsos, GP, Korfiatis, PG, Zaras, ND, Georgiadis, GV, and Terzis, GD. Acute effect of countermovement jumping on throwing performance in track and field athletes during competition. J Strength Cond Res 32(1): 359–364, 2017—The purpose of the study was to investigate whether performing 3 consecutive countermovement jumps (CMJs) just before an attempt enhances performance in track and field throwers during competition. Twelve shot putters, 8 hammer throwers, 9 discus throwers, and 3 javelin throwers of both sexes participated in the study. They performed 3 maximal CMJs 85 ± 12 seconds before the second, fourth, and sixth attempt during 3 different official competitions of national level. Maximal strength (1 repetition maximum [1RM]) in squat and bench press was measured 1 week after the competition. Mean throwing performance was significantly higher after the CMJs intervention (2.66 ± 4.3%, range of increase 0.02–18.98%, p = 0.0001). Similarly, maximum throwing performance was significantly higher after the CMJs (2.76 ± 3.29%, range of increase 0.09–13.93%, p = 0.0009). All but 2 athletes increased their best performance after the CMJs. The percentage increase in performance was similar between sexes (male athletes 2.56 ± 3.01%; female athletes 3.06 ± 3.76%, p = 0.677), but it was higher for the “lighter throws” (discus and javelin throw: 4.66 ± 4.11%) compared with the “heavier throws” (shot and hammer throw: 1.62 ± 2.04%, p = 0.008). The percentage increase in performance was not significantly correlated with 1RM squat or bench press, anthropometric characteristics, and personal best performance. These results suggest that performing 3 CMJs approximately 1 minute before an attempt may increase track and field throwing performance during competition.

Athletics Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Address correspondence to Nikolaos D. Zaras,

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.