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Chest Press Exercises With Different Stability Requirements Result in Similar Muscle Damage Recovery in Resistance-Trained Men

Ferreira, Diogo V.; Ferreira-Júnior, João B.; Soares, Saulo R.S.; Cadore, Eduardo L.; Izquierdo, Mikel; Brown, Lee E.; Bottaro, Martim

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: January 2017 - Volume 31 - Issue 1 - p 71–79
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001453
Original Research

Ferreira, DV, Ferreira-Júnior, JB, Soares, SRS, Cadore, EL, Izquierdo, M, Brown, LE, and Bottaro, M. Chest press exercises with different stability requirements result in similar muscle damage recovery in resistance trained men. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 71–79, 2017—This study investigated the time course of 96 hours of muscle recovery after 3 different chest press exercises with different stability requirements in resistance-trained men. Twenty-seven men (23.5 ± 3.8 years) were randomly assigned to one of the 3 groups: (a) Smith machine bench press; (b) barbell bench press; or (c) dumbbell bench press. Participants performed 8 sets of 10 repetition maximum with 2 minutes rest between sets. Muscle thickness, peak torque (PT), and soreness were measured pre, post, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after exercise. There were no differences in the time course of PT or muscle thickness values of the pectoralis major (p = 0.98 and p = 0.91, respectively) or elbow extensors (p = 0.07 and p = 0.86, respectively) between groups. Muscle soreness of the pectoralis major was also not different between groups (p > 0.05). However, the Smith machine and barbell groups recovered from triceps brachii muscle soreness by 72 hours after exercise (p > 0.05), whereas the dumbbell group did not present any triceps brachii muscle soreness after exercise (p > 0.05). In conclusion, resistance-trained men experience similar muscle damage recovery after Smith machine, barbell, and dumbbell chest press exercise. However, muscle soreness of the elbow extensors takes a longer time to recover after using a barbell chest press exercise.

1College of Physical Education, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil;

2Federal Institute of Southeastern Minas Gerais, Campus Rio Pomba, Rio Pomba, Brazil;

3School of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil;

4Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarre, Campus of Tudela, Navarra, Spain; and

5Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, California

Address correspondence to Diogo V. Ferreira,

Copyright © 2017 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.