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Physical and Physiological Responses of Amateur Football Players on Third-Generation Artificial Turf Systems During Simulated Game Situations

Sánchez-Sánchez, Javier; García-Unanue, Jorge; Felipe, José L.; Jiménez-Reyes, Pedro; Viejo-Romero, David; Gómez-López, Maite; Hernando, Enrique; Burillo, Pablo; Gallardo, Leonor

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: November 2016 - Volume 30 - Issue 11 - p 3165–3177
doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001415
Original Research

Sánchez-Sánchez, J, García-Unanue, J, Felipe, JL, Jiménez-Reyes, P, Viejo-Romero, D, Gómez-López, M, Hernando, E, Burillo, P, and Gallardo, L. Physical and physiological responses of amateur football players on third generation artificial turf systems during simulated game situations. J Strength Cond Res 30(11): 3165–3177, 2016—The aim of this study is to evaluate the physical and physiological load imposed on amateur football players in a simulated game situation on different artificial turf systems. For that purpose, 20 football players (21.65 ± 3.10 year old) were monitored with Global Positioning Systems and heart rate bands during 45-minutes games on 4 selected artificial turf systems. The results show more covered distance in high-intensity ranges on the system with lower levels of damping and higher rates of rotational traction (p ≤ 0.05). Likewise, this system of artificial turf demonstrated a high number of sprints (12.65 ± 5.67) and more elevated maximum speed peaks during the last part of the game (28.16 ± 2.90 km·h−1) in contrast to the systems with better damping capacity (p ≤ 0.05). On the other hand, the physiological load was similar across the 4 artificial turf systems (p > 0.05). Finally, the regression analysis demonstrated a significant influence of the mechanical properties of the surface on global distance (15.4%), number (12.6%), and maximum speed (16.6%) of the sprints. To conclude, the mechanical variability of the artificial turf systems resulted in differences in the activity profiles and the players' perceptions during simulated football games.

1Faculty of Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia, Murcia, Spain;

2IGOID Research Group, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, Spain;

3School of Sport Sciences, European University, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain; and

4Sport Sciences Institute, Camilo José Cela University, Villafranca del Castillo, Madrid, Spain

Address correspondence to Dr. Javier Sánchez-Sánchez,

Copyright © 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.